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2016年职称英语卫生类练习题7

2015-12-10 · 来源:联硕教育   作者:张老师
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本练习题为职称英语练习题,是导师筛选的知识点,汇编出来的卫生类练习题,将知识点进行整合出来的卫生类模拟题,对于考生具有极大的帮助,是考生必看的题。

一、词汇选择

1、The normal price of a ticket for an adult is$230.

A.ordinary

B.proper

C.fair

D.medium

2、 We have to ask them to quit talking in order that all people present could hear US clearly.

A.decrease

B.cease

C.continue

D.keep on

3、 The Klondike was the scene of one of the biggest gold rushes the world has ever known.

A.location

B.view

C.even

D.landscape

4、 of the reptile groups,the snake group was the final one to appear

A.last

B.best

C.ugliest

D.longest

5、 Colleges and universities usually give diplomas or certificates to students who complete course requirements adequately.

A.responsibly

B.sufficiently

C.patiently

D.successfully

6、 Will is a document written to ensure that the wishes of the deceased are realized.

A.fulfilled

B.accepted

C.advocated

D.received

7、 She has been the subject of massive media coverage.

A.extensive

B.negative

C.expensive

D.active

8、 The conference explored the possibility of closer trade links.

A.rejected

B.investigated

C.proposed

D.postponed

9、 What were the effects of the decision she made?

A.reasons

B.results

C.causes

D.bases

10、 The sea was calm and still.

A.quite

B.quiet

C.yet

D.rough

daan :1-10ABAAB AABBB

二、概括大意与完成句子(每题1分,共8分)

The Processes of Immunity

1 Immunity can be defined as the power of an individual to resist or overcome the effects of a particular disease or some other harmful agent. Sometimes the words “immunity” and “resistance” are used interchangeably; but it is more accurate to think of immunity as a process which causes the effect of the invading bacteria to be unable to work before they have had a chance to set up an infection.

2 The chemical processes that produce immunity can be described briefly as follows. Every disease-producing bacterium that enters the body carries within itself a substance.

3 These antibodies destroy the poisonous substance of the disease-producing bacteria, or else act on them in a way that will make the bacteria more sensitive to the action of the white blood cells or other phagocytes. Antigens vary in their chemical structure and specific antigen will stimulate the body to produce only a specific antibody in response to it.

4 The antibody, then, will react only with the kind of antigen that caused its production and no other. This is the reason for the selective nature of immunity so that immunity to one disease does not necessarily cause a person to be immune to another. Indeed, it is possible to have immunity to one disease and sensitivity, its opposite, to a different disease. So it is useful to consider immunity as a selective process. This selective characteristic has a name; specificity.

5 There are two main groups of immunity: inherited immunity and acquired immunity. This second type may be acquired by natural or artificial means. In addition, an acquired immunity may be either active or passive.

1.Paragraph 2 ________.

2.Paragraph 3 ________.

3.Paragraph 4 ________.

4.Paragraph 5 ________.

5.Antibodies were produced when _____.

6.The antibody will react only with _____.

7.Two main groups of immunity are _____.

8.Natural or artificial means acquire _____.

答案:1-8BCDEBFAC

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